Before his death, Seyyidina Ahmed Tijani (May God be satisfied with him), entrusted the responsability of the Tariqa to the Pole (Qutb) Sidi Hajj Ali Tamasini (May God be satisfied with him). He also confided the guardianship of his two heirs, Sidi Sidi Muhammad El Kebir and his brother Muhammad El Habib (May God be satisfied with them both), to Sidi Hajj Ali Tamasini (May ALLAH be pleased with him) since they were still too young.

When Sidi Hajj Ali Tamasini died, the Caliphate was returned to Seyyidina Ahmed Tijani's descendance : Sidi Muhammad El Habib, who died about 8 years after him.

When Sidi Muhammad El Habib died, his son Sidi Ahmed Ammar who was only 3 years old. While still in his teens, he faced many difficulties with the French colonizers who had no qualms putting him under home arrest in Bordeaux (France).

During these times of trouble, responsibility for the Tariqa was temporarily assumed by the Caliph of Tamasine, Sidi Muhammad El 'Ayd. Upon Sidi Ahmed Ammar's return to Ain Madhi, the authority of the Tariqa was returned definitively to Seyydina Ahmed Tidjani's descendants and the Caliphs who succeeded thereafter are:

  • Sidi Bachir Tidjani (May God be satisfied with him): from 1896 to 1910
  • Sidi 'Allal Tidjani (May God be satisfied with him): from 1910 to 1919
  • Sidi Mohamed El Kebir Tidjani (May God be satisfied with him): from 1919 to 1931
  • Sidi Mahmoud Tidjani (May God be satisfied with him): from 1931 to 1934
  • Sidi Taïeb Tidjani (May God be satisfied with him): from 1934 to 1973
  • Sidi 'Ali Tidjani (May God be satisfied with him): from 1973 to 1990
  • Sidi 'Abdeljabbar Tidjani (May God be satisfied with him): from 1991 to 2005
  • Sidi El Hadj M'hammed Tidjani(May God be satisfied with him): from 2006 to 2010
  • Sidi 'Ali Tijani, better known by the name of Sidi Bel 'Arbi Tijani, since October 2010, may Allah prolong his life, he is the current Caliph (the 12th).