Question: For the recitation of Djawharatul-l-kamal, what is the difference between 11 beads and 12 beads given that the Djawahiru-l-Ma'ani mentions 11 beads? Also, what should a new comer who joins the Tariqa chose? Or are they the same?
Regarding the clarifications requested on the subject of Djawharatul-l-kamal and the exact number to be recited, a short historical summary is necessary.
Above all, we should know that during Seyyidina’s lifetime (may ALLAH be pleased with him and sanctify his precious secret), he and his companions recited Djawharatul-l-kamal 11 times, and it is in fact this number which is written in the Djawahiru-l-Ma’ani (which was written about fifteen years before he passed away).
Later, towards the end of his life (in 1815), this was rescinded and replaced by 12 recitations of Djawharatul-l-kamal. Thus, little by little, all the disciples, who had been informed of the change, recited it 12 times instead of 11, but because the disciples were spread over numerous countries, the news of the abrogation took time to reach the Muqaddam.
In the case where certain people today recite it 11 times, this has an historical link with Sheikh Ahmed Hamahullah (may ALLAH be pleased with him).
He was born in 1883 in Kamba Sagho, Mali. His father was a scholar from Tichit in Mauritania and his mother was a Fulani from Mali.
He became a controversial Master of the Tariqa: several events are the reason for this:
- He was recognised by those around him (his entourage) as a holy man and as a scholar by certain dignitaries of that time.