بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اللهم صل على سيدنا محمد الفاتح لما أغلق والخاتم لما سبق ناصر الحق بالحق والهادي إلى صراطك المستقيم وعلى آله حق قدره ومقداره العظيم

Your questions

Question: For the recitation of Djawharatul-l-kamal, what is the difference between 11 beads and 12 beads given that the Djawahiru-l-Ma'ani mentions 11 beads? Also, what should a new comer who joins the Tariqa chose? Or are they the same?

Answer:

Regarding the clarifications requested on the subject of Djawharatul-l-kamal and the exact number to be recited, a short historical summary is necessary.

Above all, we should know that during Seyyidina’s lifetime (may ALLAH be pleased with him and sanctify his precious secret), he and his companions recited Djawharatul-l-kamal 11 times, and it is in fact this number which is written in the Djawahiru-l-Ma’ani (which was written about fifteen years before he passed away).

Later, towards the end of his life (in 1815), this was rescinded and replaced by 12 recitations of Djawharatul-l-kamal. Thus, little by little, all the disciples, who had been informed of the change, recited it 12 times instead of 11, but because the disciples were spread over numerous countries, the news of the abrogation took time to reach the Muqaddam.

In the case where certain people today recite it 11 times, this has an historical link with Sheikh Ahmed Hamahullah (may ALLAH be pleased with him).

He was born in 1883 in Kamba Sagho, Mali. His father was a scholar from Tichit in Mauritania and his mother was a Fulani from Mali.

He became a controversial Master of the Tariqa: several events are the reason for this:

- He was recognised by those around him (his entourage) as a holy man and as a scholar by certain dignitaries of that time.

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Question: Why did Shaikh Ahmed Tidjani, may ALLAH be pleased with him, advised us to recite Surat el Fatiha in this way: the "Basmala" linked with Surat el Fatiha?

Answer:

The following Hadith Qudsi is one of the reasons why our beloved Master Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) advised us to read it this way: 

Abu Bakr As Sadiq (may ALLAH be satisfied with him) related:

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Question : Why do you spread a white sheet (cloth) in the middle of your gathering for the evocation (sitting for the wazifa)? What do you reply to people who says this practice is a bid’a (innovation)?

Answer :

The reason for this cloth during the recitation of the wazifa in congregation is that before the blessed zawiya of Fes was built, the zikr assembly took place in a corridor in the house of Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret). Because many people used this corridor, in order to guarantee the purity of the place, Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) used to put a cloth upon which he and his companions would sit.

Subsquently, this custom was maintain, even after the construction of the blessed Zawiya, and became a meritorious act during the recitation in congregation. It is not a condition of validity: that is to say whether we put a cloth or not has no consequences on the validity of the zikr. Laying a cloth also symbolizes honouring the presence of the angels by putting that which brings additional purity and, for the Tidjani disciple, it also honours the presence of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and the four Caliphs (may ALLAH be pleased to them) because he believes that at the seventh bead (of the recitation of the Djawharatou-l-Kamel), their spirits are present, by the grace of Divine Power.

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Question : What is the Faydu? Did Sheikh Tidjani talk about this? What should we believe, and who is concerned?

Answer :

Fayda refers to an arabic term signifying « outpouring». In spiritual terms, this refers to a spiritual over-abundance. With regards to the Tariqa Tidjaniya, and specifically in Sub-Saharan Africa, this term is often used to refer to one or several particular people.

In order to understand the meaning of the Tidjani Faydu, we need to know that this had been mentioned in El Ifadatou-l-Ahmediya by Sidi Tayeb Sefiani (may ALLAH be pleased with him) where Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) said: “The Fayda will come upon my companions and then people will enter our Tariqa by successive waves (in multitudes) and this outpouring will occur when people will be in the most difficult and tight situations.

On this, Sidi Tayeb (may ALLAH be pleased with him) commented: “By this spiritual outpouring, he meant that many of his companions will receive the spiritual opening and this time is not far away.”

Most of the scholars of the Tariqa commented that this Fayda represents a period of great expansion of the Tariqa, when others considers that this refers to a specific person.

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