بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

اللهم صل على سيدنا محمد الفاتح لما أغلق والخاتم لما سبق ناصر الحق بالحق والهادي إلى صراطك المستقيم وعلى آله حق قدره ومقداره العظيم

Tariqa Tidjaniya

The origins of the rosary, i.e. the beads (Subha)

In his book Musnad El Firdaws, Abi Mansur Daylami relates that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) had said (or words to that effect): “The subha is an excellent means for remembering.

It was related by Ibn Abi Shayba, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Nassa-I and El Hakim that Umar (may ALLAH be pleased with them) said: “I saw the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) holding a knotted subha in his hand.

In the chapter concerning « The subha and its justifications in the Sharia » of his book "Tawassul wal wasila”, Sheikh Mussa Muhammad Ali wrote: “The subha is permitted in Islam, and it is in no way an innovation as some have claimed.”

In the commentary of the book « Azkar » by Imam Nawawi, it is written: “They count with their phalanges because they (the phalanges) will be questioned.” This is the reason why both those who dedicate themselves to worship and others began to use the Subha.

Ibn El Jawzi (may ALLAH be pleased with him) said: “The Subha is recommended (Mustahab) on the basis of the Hadith about Safiya (may ALLAH be pleased with her) which states that she used fruits pits or stones and the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) accepted this. The fact that the Subha is on a thread or detached makes no difference.”

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Among the letters written by Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) and transcribed in Djawahirou-l-Ma’ani is the following letter addressed to one of the most remarkable among the jurists in the town of Sale:

Sidi Hajj Ali Harazim (may ALLAH be pleased with him) said: « Having pronounced the name of ALLAH and the prayer and the peace upon the Messenger of ALLAH, and the praise of ALLAH as it should be, Seyyidina Ahmed Tidjani (may ALLAH sanctify his precious secret) said:

“We have received and read your letter and understood its content. You asked about our situation and that of our companions. Know that, by the grace of ALLAH, we are fine and we enjoy good circumstances, praise and gratitude to Him until we obtain His Approval in the way that He approves.

He has showered upon us and our companions that which he has showered upon all Muslims, praise to ALLAH in all situations. We request ALLAH, The Glorified, The Exalted, to grant us His Attention both in this world and the Hereafter, may He immerse us in his increasing kindness and Generosity from this moment onwards for all time without end. May He be an Ally both for us and you, Help and Support in all circumstances both easy and difficult, and may He envelope us and you with His complete protection, His constant Safeguard and His Most Precious Preservation. May His Protection cover every one of our directions. He is without doubt the Guarantor and the Most Capable for this.

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« After the mention of the name of ALLAH and the prayer upon the Messenger of ALLAH,

My advice to you through the injunctions of ALLAH is as follows. He -may He be glorified and Exalted- said :

« […] And We have instructed those who were given the Scripture before you and yourselves to fear Allah […] » (Surat 04 The women, verse 131)

HE – may He be glorified and Exalted – said:

« He has ordained for you of religion what He enjoined upon Noah and that which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], and what We enjoined upon Abraham and Moses and Jesus - to establish the religion and not be divided therein. Difficult for those who associate others with Allah is that to which you invite them [...] » (Surat 42 The consultation, verse 13)

He – may He be glorified and Exalted – said:

 « And hold firmly to the rope of Allah all together and do not become divided. [...] » (Surat 3 Family of Imran, verse 103)

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« In the Name of ALLAH, The Entirely Merciful, The Especially Merciful, and may the prayer and the peace of ALLAH be upon our Master Muhammad, his family and his companions.

By the grace of ALLAH, we are sending this letter in the hands of our beloved, our intimate companion who holds a great place in our heart, Sidi Muhammad ibn Mechri. May the peace, the mercy and the blessings of ALLAH be upon you and our beloved, our intimate companion Sidi AbdelQader ibn Allal and all his children, those closed to him and to you, and upon all the disciples from he who writes to you, Ahmed ibn Muhammad Tidjani.

Know Sidi Muhammad that I have received your letter and taken due note. My answer is that all matters are in ALLAH’s hands, it is He Who extends and contract them, and no other than Him can dispose of them. Servitude requires, in the face of difficult circumstances to which ALLAH has not granted resolution, submission before ALLAH’s Order and acceptance of His Decree, as well as a good opinion of Him, regarding the fact that he has not withheld resolution through lack of generosity but because He knew that therein lay a cause for your corruption. He has knowledge of everything: “[…] But perhaps you hate a thing and it is good for you; and perhaps you love a thing and it is bad for you. And Allah Knows, while you know not. » (Surate 02 The Cow, verse 216)

However, in your case, that which has not yet been granted is due to an imperfection regarding Presence during the zikr. Do not revert to this preoccupied attitude a second time. Busy yourself with accomplishing it with sincere orientation, that is to say not with any personal interest, but in order to seek His Face, as we have told you. Oblige your soul to this conduct because it is trying to avoid it.

If you find it difficult to go on retreat or if you are too weak, then continue orientating yourself even out of retreat and eat warm spicy potions. Devote time to your evocation and time to rest, but sit alone. If you go on retreat, then eat only warm spicy potions which is most appropriate in your feverish state. Be diligent in your evocations and in frequenting others as little as possible and remaining silent. This is the most best thing to do at this time. On the other hand, abandon any orientation towards secrets because ALLAH, Exalted is His Majesty, does not authorize you to do this […] »

Research and translation by Zawiya Tidjaniya el Kubra in Lyon, France